9$ SHIPPING PRACTICE At any time when change of ownership of a vessel occurs, a bill of sale is made out even if no money passes. The Bill of Sale Act, 1882, does not apply to the sale of ships. The bin of sale and declaration of transfer is produced to the registrar, who records the particulars of this transaction in the register book, and endorses the certificate of registry accordingly. It is usual when a ship is sold for the vessel to be dry docked for hull inspection, and if after such an inspection the report is not favourable, or the purchaser is not satisfied, the expenses of such a survey are for account of the vendor. Should, however, the survey prove satisfactory then a deposit of 10 per cent is made, and the balance of purchase money paid over on completion, On sale or loss of the ship, the official log is returned to the superintendent at Port of Registry. When signing articles, the crew make the contract with the master as agent for the owners, and such contract must be considered apart from ownership of the vessel. If the ownership changes, the original owner ceasing to run his vessel, then the terms of employment are changed and the crew may claim immediate repatriation. See also notes in Chapter XII. The crew have the option upon the transfer of ownership of a vessel of requesting their dis- charge with full repatriation, or of signing fresh articles with the new owners. In the majority of cases the crews are agreeable to sign fresh articles, but owners have no control over this action, and must if the men desire arrange for their return by repatriation.